A bad place for children
of war and international sanctions have turned Iraq into one of the
worst places for children in the Middle East and North Africa, with
around 3.5 million living in poverty, 1.5 million under the age of five
undernourished and 100 infants dying every day, the UN Children’s Fund
The government can and should do more for children, said Sikander Khan,
the outgoing UNICEF representative in Iraq, in a 30 June interview with
the UN Assistance Mission to Iraq.
“It is the responsibility of the government to support parents by
investing in health and education and other basic needs for all
children… Central government can also take a significant step by making
additional investments in its most deprived children.”
Iraq, he added, was unlikely to achieve most of the eight Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs), six of which relate to children.
“Unfortunately, despite all efforts, the attainment of most of these
goals in Iraq by 2015 is distant,” Khan said.
To achieve the MDGs, over 400,000 undernourished Iraqi children would
have to receive adequate food, while nearly 700,000 would have to be
enrolled in schools. Child mortality would also have to be reduced by
100,000, while about three million others need decent sanitation.
“These are not just statistics, behind every figure there is a child
suffering in silence,” Khan noted. “Achieving these goals is possible if
Iraq manages to focus on the over four million most deprived children.”
Iraqi children are also being exploited for purposes of war, where they
are recruited by armed groups to fight, spy and scout, transport
military supplies and equipment, videotape attacks for propaganda
purposes, and plant explosives, according to a report on ReliefWeb
covering the period from January 2008 to December 2010, by UN
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
They are also used as suicide bombers because they arouse less suspicion
and easily move through security checkpoints. The report notes that the
precise number of children involved in all these activities is difficult
Children, it added, have also been used to lure security forces into
ambushes. In August 2010, armed gunmen entered a house in Sadiyah, north
of Baghdad, killed three, and sent two children, aged 10 and 12, to
report the attack to the Iraqi security forces. When the Iraqi army and
police arrived, explosives planted in the house killed eight soldiers
and wounded four.
There are also reports that the (Shia) Mahdi Army has recruited and used
children as soldiers since the beginning of the conflict. In 2008, some
376 children were killed and 1,594 wounded, while in 2009, 362 children
were killed and 1,044 wounded. In 2010, at least 194 children were
killed and 232 wounded in the conflict, primarily in Baghdad, Diyala and
Another threat to children identified by the report is explosive
remnants of war, which claim lives and cause injury long after combat
operations. An estimated 2.66 million cluster bomblets and 20 million
landmines remain on Iraqi soil, contaminating 1,700sqkm. Many date from
previous conflicts, such as the Iran- Iraq war in the 1980s and the
first Gulf War.
of upload: 18th Oct 2011